Wetlands are areas of land that are permanently or temporarily covered by water. They provide habitat for many plants and animals, and also play an important role in the landscape.
Wetlands provide food and habitat
Wetlands are often important sources of drinking water for animals, especially as refuge in times of drought. They are places to live, rest and breed for many birds and fish.
They support special plants and animals that are often unique to wetland environments and are important feeding and habitat sites for many migratory birds.
Coastal wetlands include inter-tidal areas where sea grass and other food sources for marine animals thrive.
Wetlands offer flood protection
Wetlands, including floodplains, help reduce the destructive impact of flood waters by storing and slowly releasing water.
Wetlands naturally filter our water
Wetlands enable vegetation to flourish, including lots of sedges and rushes.
Silt, contaminants, and bacteria may settle or get trapped in the vegetation or soil of wetland ecosystems as water flows through – helping to clean the water.
Other names for wetlands
Wetlands might also be called: rivers, creeks, mangroves, sand flats, estuaries, salt flats, marshes, springs, swamps, lakes, lagoons, dams, floodplains, beaches, rock pools, mangrove forests and melaleuca woodland coral reefs, deltas, mud flats, braided channels, streams, intertidal flats.
How FBA works to protect our wetlands
We work in a number of ways to help including:
- Helping farmers and graziers protect rivers and wetlands on their property, as well as reduce erosion.
- Supporting work of volunteer groups and councils to keep beaches clean and coastal ecosystems healthy.
- Membership of the Fitzroy Partnership for River Health and Gladstone Healthy Harbour Partnership to contribute to region-wide monitoring of waterway health.
- Supporting the Australian and Queensland Government’s Reef Plan through projects to monitor and model local impacts on the reef.
- Informing development that affects waterways by working with government and industry, and responding to Environmental Impact Statements.
- Guiding community input into policy, such as working with the Queensland Government to gather feedback for the Environmental Protection (Water) Policy.
Our plan to protect our wetlands
We all rely on healthy waterways for survival. It’s in our own best interests to protect rivers, wetlands and our oceans for the future. Through funding from the Australian Government’s Reef Programme, FBA collaborated with scientists, industry experts, communities and all levels of government to develop the Fitzroy Water Quality Improvement Plan, WQIP:2015.